The debate over whether the atomic bomb was necessary in 1945

The Emperor's palace in Tokyo has a greater fame than any other target but is of least strategic value. They now use this new bomb, having an uncontrollable and cruel effect much greater than any other arms or projectiles ever used to date.

Truman stated in he had been advised U. There is no persuasive evidence that any of them did so. Togo then said that, "Although it is apparent that there will be more casualties on both sides in case the war is prolonged, we will stand as united against the enemy if the enemy forcibly demands our unconditional surrender.

It is clear from these accounts that while many in the civilian government knew the war could not be won, the power of the military in the Japanese government kept surrender from even being considered as a real option prior to the two atomic bombs.

It was a major military port, one of Japan's largest shipbuilding and repair centers, and an important producer of naval ordnance.

Debate: Bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Newman concluded that each month that the war continued in would have produced the deaths of 'upwards ofpeople, mostly Asian but some Westerners. If a means is justified by an end, the use of the atomic bomb was justified for it brought Japan to her knees and ended the horrible war.

Along the way, the ratio of Japanese to American casualties dropped from 5: McCloywho characterized it as conservative. From this, a low figure of somewhat more thanJapanese deaths can be calculated for a short invasion of two weeks, and almost three million Japanese deaths if the fighting lasted four months.

This created an environment in which opposition to war was a much riskier endeavor. However, Japanese diplomatic messages regarding a possible Soviet mediation—intercepted through Magicand made available to Allied leaders—have been interpreted by some historians to mean, "the dominant militarists insisted on preservation of the old militaristic order in Japan, the one in which they ruled.

These observations have caused some commentators to state that the incident was an act of "war terrorism". Should We continue to fight, not only would it result in an ultimate collapse and obliteration of the Japanese nation, but also it would lead to the total extinction of human civilization.

Parsons leftRear Admiral William R. In Okinawa alone, civilians including woman and kids were mobilized by the Japanese Army to fight the Americans and as a result,civilians died. The Atomic Bombing of Japan A fine place to find quotes, biographies, links, and even the diary entries of the President and the Secretary of War regarding Truman's decision to bomb Japan in late American politicians would then gladly negotiate an end to the war far more generous than unconditional surrender.

It warned Japanese civilians that in a few days, the cities they lived in will be targeted for bombing and were advised to leave right away to save themselves from destruction. Further complicating the decision was the fact no cabinet could exist without the representative of the Imperial Japanese Army.

Suppose Germany had developed two bombs before we had any bombs. Because the United States Army Air Forces wanted to use its fission bombs on previously undamaged cities in order to have accurate data on nuclear-caused damage, KokuraHiroshimaNagasakiand Niigata were preserved from conventional bombing raids.

Germany had signed its Instrument of Surrender on May 7, ending the war in Europe. The Japanese people know more about that than the American public will ever know.

To date, all American military casualties of the 60 years following the end of World War II, including the Korean and Vietnam Warshave not exceeded that number. Operation Olympic and Operation Coronet. There are rock solid basis for those estimates: If any indiscriminate destruction of civilian life and property is still illegal in warfare, then, in the Pacific War, this decision to use the atom bomb is the only near approach to the directives of the German Emperor during the first World War and of the Nazi leaders during the second World War.

Quantities of phosgenemustard gastear gas and cyanogen chloride were moved to Luzon from stockpiles in Australia and New Guinea in preparation for Operation Olympic, and MacArthur ensured that Chemical Warfare Service units were trained in their use. In addition, the dropping of high explosives with precision bombing was unable to penetrate Japan's dispersed industry, making it entirely impossible to destroy them without causing widespread damage to surrounding areas.

It was not just a war crime; it was a crime against humanity.DEBATE ON THE PROS AND CONS OF DROPPING THE ATOMIC BOMB ON JAPAN Historians are still divided over whether it was necessary to drop the atomic bomb on Japan to end World Staff in April resulted in an estimate of 1, casualties, withfatalities.

Admiral. Mar 12,  · The debate over the Atomic Bomb.?

51g. The Decision to Drop the Bomb

When they were deciding to use the atomic bomb on Japan or not, what were some the main issues Status: Resolved. The debate over the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki concerns the ethical, legal, and military controversies surrounding the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 August and 9 August at the close of World War II (–45).

Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Part of the Pacific War of World War II Atomic bomb mushroom clouds over Hiroshima (left) and Nagasaki (right) Date August 6 and August 9, Location Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan Result Allied victory Belligerents United States Manhattan Project: United Kingdom Canada Japan Commanders and leaders William S.

Parsons Paul W. Tibbets, Jr. - system that would allow u.s. to lease war supplies to any nation deemed 'vital to the defense of the u.s.' - result: major foreign policy debate over whether the u.s. should help britain or stay neutral. The next day a discussion of divergences with Moscow over the Far East made Stimson wonder whether the atomic bomb would be ready when Truman met with Stalin in July.

If it was, he believed that the bomb would be the "master card" in U.S. diplomacy.

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The debate over whether the atomic bomb was necessary in 1945
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