Hudson Strait became the entrance to the Arctic for all ships engaged in the historic search for the Northwest Passage from the Atlantic side though modern voyages take more northerly routes. They drove the people from the settlement and took their boat and other property probably pelts and trade goods.
As a commander, Hudson was more headstrong than courageous. He stopped in what would later be called Whale Bay now Collin's Bay, miles north of the Arctic Circle for the large pods of whales they found in the sheltered bay.
A number of Hudson's possessions were also missing. Several of the crew were sick from eating unsalted bear meat the day before. Dangerous rocks up to four leagues He wrote he wanted to see the northern end of Greenland which was "unknown to any Christian. The crew explored the island, hunted game and found many whale bones and 'morse' teeth there.
Purchas wrote of a possible voyage north, " Following the southern coast of the strait on The journey of henry hudson August, the ship entered Hudson Bay. He played favourites and let morale suffer. But some physical evidence points to a more violent end for the captain, Mancall believes.
None of the men was convicted of the murder or even punished for the mutiny, and historians generally believe their claims, too.
Henry Hudson first appeared in written history as a captain of his own ship, the Hopewell.
September Learn how and when to remove this template message When the ice cleared in the spring ofHudson planned to use his Discovery to further explore Hudson Bay with the continuing goal of discovering the Passage; however, most of the members of his crew ardently desired to return home.
At the time, the English were engaged in an economic battle with the Dutch for control of northwest routes. Hudson did not record this event in his own journal, but it is recorded by Captain Edge, also of the Muscovy Company, in Brief Discoverie of the Muscovia Merchants.
Hudson sailed from London in April in the ton ship Discovery, stopped briefly in Iceland, then continued west. Sadly, this was not the case. Click image for a map of this voyage. The ship hugged the Greenland coast while the rigging froze and, because of heavy fog, visibility dropped to zero.
This view was shared by Rev. Allegedly in the latter class was ship's navigator Abacuk Pricketa survivor who kept a journal that was to become a key source for the narrative of the mutiny.
However, other English companies, as well as other nations, quickly reacted to his reports, sending whaling fleets to the islands Hudson had visited, and within a decade had decimated the gentle giant mammals.
Though English companies were reluctant to back him after two failed voyages, Hudson was able to gain a commission from the Dutch East India Company to lead a third expedition in In it he wrote, " He also appears in the time-travel novel Torn by Margaret Peterson Haddix.
Hudson's first command was the ship Hopewell sometimes noted as Hope-well or even Hopeful for the Muscovy Russia Company in which his family had shares.
Purchas felt the voyage over the North Pole would prove easy. Hudson calls the land Collin's Cape after the boatswain who first saw it. Hopewell barely avoided a collision with a breakaway iceberg.
Brought down by determination Since Hudson's body was never found, however, it will never be known for sure whether the captain was murdered or given a more subtle death sentence, set adrift in the harsh environment of northern Canada.
At a meeting of the directors of the Muscovy CompanyRev. Matters came to a head and much of the crew mutinied in June. The ship hugged the Greenland coast while the rigging froze and, because of heavy fog, visibility dropped to zero.
On 3 September he reached the estuary of the river that initially was called the "North River" or "Mauritius" and now carries his name. This allowed the Hudson's Bay Company to exploit a lucrative fur trade along its shores for more than two centuries, growing powerful enough to influence the history and present international boundaries of Western North America.
On trial for Hudson's murder later that year, the remaining crew admitted to cutting the captain and a group of individuals still loyal to him loose on a small lifeboat, according to court documents. Hudson Strait became the entrance to the Arctic for all ships engaged in the historic search for the Northwest Passage from the Atlantic side though modern voyages take more northerly routes.
When the coastline suddenly opened up towards the south, Hudson believed he might have found the Pacific, but he soon realized he had sailed into a gigantic bay, now known as Hudson Bay. Encountering ice packed along the north coast, they were forced to turn back south.
The company selected the Hopewell, a three-year-old, square-rigged ton ship with three masts, for Hudson to command. Donald Johnson suggests he was planning to head west, winter over a Hold-with-Hope, and search for the Northwest Passage, or perhaps try again for a passage over the North Pole.An oil painting from by John Maler Collier depicts Henry Hudson, his son and a crew member after he was presumably set adrift in a small boat after a mutiny on his last voyage.
Sep 08, · Watch video · Henry Hudson made his first voyage west from England inwhen he was hired to find a shorter route to Asia from Europe through the Arctic Ocean. After twice being turned back by ice, Hudson embarked on a third voyage–this time on behalf of the Dutch East India Company–in The Last Voyage of Henry Hudson is a painting that tells the story of the disappearance of Henry Hudson after an attempt to find the Northwest Passage.
Henry Hudson never found the Northwest Passage, but he was the first European explorer to navigate up the Hudson River in present-day New York. Biography, timeline and voyages of 17th century mariner, explorer and adventurer, Henry Hudson and his search for the Northeast Passage and Northwest Passage.
Watch video · Believed to have been born in the late 16th century, English explorer Henry Hudson made two unsuccessful sailing voyages in search of an ice-free passage to Asia. An oil painting from by John Maler Collier depicts Henry Hudson, his son and a crew member after he was presumably set adrift in a small boat after a mutiny on his last voyage.